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Modes of Nutrition
Saprophytic Nutrition
Parasitic Nutrition
Human Food
Holozoic Nutrition
Food Problems


S.3 Biology - Tutorial :

Food and Nutrition  食物與營養作用

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  1. MODES OF NUTRITION    營養方式
    1. Autotrophic Nutrition  (自養營養) - Autotrophs  (自養生物)
    2. Heterotrophic Nutrition  (異養營養) Heterotrophs  (異養生物)
      1. Saprophytic Nutrition  (腐生營養) Saprophytes  (腐生生物)
      2. Parasitic Nutrition  (寄生營養) Parasites  (寄生生物)
      3. Holozoic Nutrition  (動物式營養)
  2. SAPROPHYTIC NUTRITION   腐生營養
    1. Bread mould 麵包黴   ( Mucor  / Rhizopus )
  3. PARASITIC NUTRITION     寄生營養
    1. Tapeworm (Taenia solium) an animal parasite.
      1. General features of Tapeworm
      2. Life history of Tapeworm.
      3. Adaptations of Tapeworm to parasitic mode of life
  4. FOOD REQUIREMENT OF HUMANS   人類 與 食物
    1. Food substances  食物的種類  
    2. Energy-producing food  能量食物 : carbohydrates & fats (protein)   
      1. Carbohydrates   碳水化合物
        1. Types of Carbohydrates :
          1. Simple sugars (C6H12O6)
          2. Double sugars (C12H22O11)
          3. Polysaccharide (C6H10O5)n
        2. Relation between the different types of carbohydrates
        3. Function of Carbohydrates :
      2. Fats (Lipids or oils)   脂肪
        1. Nature of Fat
        2. Function of fats :
      3. Protein   蛋白質
        1. Nature of proteins
        2. Functions of protein
    3. Effects of Deficiency  (Protective food)  缺乏食物的影響
    4. Food Tests   食物的檢定
    5. Balanced Diet   均衡膳食
  5. NUTRITION IN MAMMALS ( Holozoic Nutrition )  動物式營養
    1. Ingestion   攝食作用
      1. Tooth
        1. Types of teeth  牙齒的種類
        2. Structures of mammalian teeth   牙齒的結構
        3. Human Dentition   人類的齒系
        4. Care of the Teeth   牙齒的保健
      2. Salivary glands
      3. Tongue
    2. Digestion and absorption
      1. Digestion   消化作用
        1. Types of digestion
          1. Physical Digestion (Mechanical digestion)   物理性消化
          2. Chemical digestion   化學性消化
        2. Importance of digestion
        3. The general plan of alimentary canal and its associated glands
        4. Functions of the Alimentary Canal   消化道的功能
        5. Functions of the associated glands of the alimentary canal   消化腺的功能
          1. Liver
          2. Gall bladder
          3. Pancreas
        6. Peristalsis

      2. Absorption   吸收作用
        1. Selective permeability and Dialysis   選擇性透過與透析作用
        2. Absorption in small intestine    小腸的吸收功能
          1. Adaptations of small intestine for absorption
          2. Absorption pathway
    3. Assimilation    同化作用
      1. Routes of assimilation    營養同化的方式
        1. Simple sugars
        2. Amino acids
        3. Fatty acids and glycerol
      2. Uses of digested materials in cells    營養的運用
        1. Simple sugars
        2. Amino acids
        3. Fatty acids and glycerol
    4. Egestion   排遺作用
  6. The Food Problem of Human Community    食物短缺 (for Ref. only)
    1. Shortage of food as a world problem
    2. Remedies

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